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Dyspraxia Symptoms and causes

Updated: Dec 1, 2022

By DiverseMinds Research Team

Reading time 3 minutes⏰


"Dyspraxia" refers to a range of neurological disorders that result in an abnormal increase in movement, which may be voluntary or involuntary. Dyspraxia may also result in reduced or slow movement.


Some common types of dyskinesia include:

  • Ataxia. The region of the brain that regulates coordinated movement is affected by this movement condition (the cerebellum). Ataxia can cause balance, uncoordinated or clumsy speech or body movements, and other symptoms.

  • Dystonia of the neck. The disease causes long-term contractions (spasms) or intermittent contractions of the neck muscles, causing the neck to turn in different ways.

  • Chorea. Chorea is characterized by repetitive, transient, irregular, somewhat rapid, unconscious movements, usually involving the face, mouth, body, and limbs.

  • Dystonia. The disease involves repeated involuntary muscle contractions with twisting, repetitive movements. Dystonia can affect either systemic (generalized dystonia) or local (localized dystonia).

  • Functional motor dysfunction. The disease may resemble any movement disorder, but is not caused by a neurological disease.

  • Huntington's disease. It is a progressive neurodegenerative genetic disorder that can lead to uncontrolled movement (chorea), impaired cognitive ability and mental illness.

  • Multisystem atrophy. This unusual progressive neurological disorder affects many brain systems. Multisystem atrophy can lead to motor disorders such as ataxia or Parkinson's disease. It can also lead to low blood pressure and impaired bladder function.

  • Myoclonus. The disease causes muscles, or groups of muscles, to twitch like lightning.

  • Parkinson's disease. The slow progressive degenerative disease can cause tremors, stiffness, slowness of movement or imbalance. It can also cause other symptoms of inactivity.

  • Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease describes a group of diseases whose symptoms are similar to Parkinson's disease.

  • Progressive supranuclear palsy. It's a rare neurological disorder that causes problems like difficulty walking, balance and eye movement. It may be similar to Parkinson's, but it's a very different disease.

  • Restless legs syndrome. This dyspraxia can cause discomfort, abnormal feelings in the legs when relaxing or lying down, and can often be relieved with exercise.

  • Tardive dyskinesia. This neurological disorder is caused by the long-term use of certain drugs used to treat mental illness (neuroleptics). Tardive dyskinesia causes repetitive and unconscious movements such as grimacing, blinking and other movements.

  • Tourette syndrome. It is a neurological disorder that occurs during childhood and adolescence and is associated with repetitive movements (motor tics) and vocalization (vocal tics).

  • Tremor. This movement disorder causes parts of the body, such as the hands, head or other parts of the body, to shake involuntarily and rhythmically. The most common type is essential tremor.

  • Wilson's disease. It's a rare genetic disorder that causes excessive accumulation of copper in the body, leading to neurological problems.

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